Ukraine crisis poses no threat to Russian rocket engine imports

RD-180 rocket engines

(Reuters) – The crisis in Ukraine has not jeopardized the longstanding relationship between the U.S. Air Force and the Russian company that builds engines for the rockets used to launch large U.S. government satellites, a U.S. official said on Tuesday.

“We are monitoring very closely the current bilateral situation to make sure that we can protect that supply,” said Air Force Undersecretary Eric Fanning. “I have not seen anything on either side suggesting that supply is in jeopardy.”

The RD 180 rocket engines are used by United Launch Alliance, a joint venture of Lockheed Martin Corp and Boeing Co to power the venture’s Atlas V rockets.

Fanning told reporters the Air Force had enough engines, which are built exclusively by Russia’s NPO Energomash, to support launches of military and intelligence satellites well into 2016.

U.S. reliance on Russian engines has long concerned U.S. lawmakers, but those worries were heightened by mounting tensions between the United States and Russia over Russia’s seizure of Crimea, an autonomous region in Ukraine.

Fanning said the United States was exploring ways to ensure a varied supply of the engines, including possible production in the United States if the Russian firm agreed to sell a license for the work.

“There are a number of concerns that the Air Force has, and others have, any time we’re relying on such an important piece of equipment from vendors outside the United States,” he said.

Fanning said the search for an alternate source of the engines predated the ongoing violence in Ukraine, but emphasized that the U.S. partnership with Russia and the engine maker remained solid.

He also said the Air Force was keeping an eye on a Pentagon investigation into how U.S. weapons makers manage their supply chains after Chinese raw materials or components were found on U.S. weapons systems, including Lockheed Martin’s F-35 and F-16 fighter jets, Boeing’s B-1B, and the SM-3 IIA missile.